Published online Nov 4. Finding and recruiting the highest risk HIV-negative men who have sex with men. Their studies were of 2 types: men leaving a selected venue e. Open in a separate window. Overall, about half of the MSM in our sample reported going to a sex venue Table 1.
Finally, recall and social desirability biases have to be expected, since data on diagnoses and behaviours were self-reported.
Martin JL. Binson helped design the original project and instrument, led in conceiving the original study question, proposed and interpreted the analysis, and wrote the paper. Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the work of Michael Bochow who designed and conducted several previous German MSM surveys since the late s and who contributed to this survey with his sites at venues frequented by gay men and other MSM and support.
Did he use a condom? However, since we do not know the serostatus of their partners, it may be that HIV-positive men engaged in risky sexual practices with other HIV-positive men. Their studies were of 2 types: men leaving a selected venue e. When we included partner numbers, size of the place of residence and HIV status disclosure in model 2 and tested for the various interactions between the included variables by stepwise inclusion, the effect of venues mostly disappeared, while interactions between HIV status and partner numbers as well as condom use became more important.
Opportunities for men having sex with men MSM to meet each other have very much improved by new communication technologies. Public Health Rep. Add To Favorites. New technologies like GPS-based smartphone apps seem to improve opportunities to find new sex partners compared with seeking partners on gay websites particularly for younger men and men living in densely populated areas.
Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the work of Michael Bochow who designed and conducted several previous German MSM surveys since the late s and who contributed to this survey with his advice and support.
The Mineshaft: a retrospective ethnography. More important, we need to begin to investigate how manipulating the physical structure of the environment can successfully advance safe behavior. It was relatively rarely communicated in gay sex venues and at cruising sites.
HIV serosorting among HIV-positive men who have sex with men is associated with increased self-reported incidence of bacterial sexually transmissible infections. Recruiting survey participants on websites designed primarily to find new partners may introduce a selection bias towards the first group.